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Tuesday, April 28, 2020 | History

1 edition of Is the cholera spasmodica of India a contagious disease? found in the catalog.

Is the cholera spasmodica of India a contagious disease?

the question considered in a letter addressed to Sir Henry Halford, Bart., M.D., President of the Board of Health, &c. &c. &c

by William Macmichael

  • 112 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published by John Murray in London .
Written in English

  • Cholera, transmission

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby William Macmichael
    ContributionsRoyal College of Surgeons of England
    The Physical Object
    Pagination34 p. ;
    Number of Pages34
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL26288159M

    Is the cholera spasmodica of India a contagious disease? by William Macmichael 1 edition - first published in Read Listen. Subjects. Accessible book, Description and travel, Physicians, Biography, Cholera, Edema. Is Cholera Contagious – cholera transmission Talking at a comparative occasion, WHO acting agent Dr Juliet Nabyonga said they remained concentrated on supporting the Government of Zimbabwe to contain the erupt from spreading to various parts of the country.

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Is the cholera spasmodica of India a contagious disease? by William Macmichael Download PDF EPUB FB2

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe. The classic symptom is large amounts of watery diarrhea that lasts a few days.

Vomiting and muscle cramps may also occur. Diarrhea can be so severe that it leads within hours to severe dehydration and electrolyte : Vibrio cholerae spread by fecal-oral route. Cholera is an infectious disease caused by bacteria named Vibrio a causes profuse diarrhea episodes and cause of cholera are toxins secreted by the Vibrio cholerae bacteria.

Microscopically, these bacteria appear curved (comma-shaped) and have a negative Gram stain. Cholera is a frightening disease. Victims are wracked by stomach cramps and suffer intense diarrhoea. Death can come within hours.

Though now seeming a distant memory in Europe, which suffered several epidemics in the 19th century before John Snow identified the link with water, cholera is still a serious threat in many parts of the world--Zimbabwe is a recent by: In Pandemic: Tracking Contagions, from Cholera to Ebola and Beyond, Sonia Shah interweaves history, original reportage, and personal narrative to explore the origins of epidemics, drawing parallels between cholera―one of history’s most deadly and disruptive pandemic-causing pathogens―and the new diseases that stalk humankind today.

She Cited by: 9. home / infectious disease center / infectious disease a-z list / is cholera contagious center. Is Cholera Contagious. Center. Cholera is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae. It's typically transmitted via infected fecal matter.

Cholera causes frequent bouts. Pandemics. The first cholera pandemic occurred in the Bengal region of India, near Calcutta starting in through The disease dispersed from India to Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and Eastern Africa through trade routes.

The second pandemic lasted from to and particularly affected North America and Europe due to the result of advancements in transportation and. Cholera, an acute diarrhoeal illness caused by toxigenic strains of Vibrio cholerae serogroups O1 and O, has the potential to appear in explosive outbreak, epidemic and even pandemic.

Inthe British physician John Snow () explained the association of a cholera outbreak in London with contamination of the drinking water supply by human by: 3. Title(s): Is the cholera spasmodica of India a contagious disease. The question considered in a letter addressed to Sir Henry Halford, Bart., M.D.

/ by William Macmichael, M.D. Country of Publication: England Publisher: London: J. Murray,   The Southeast Asia Region, which includes Bangladesh and India, has the largest populations at risk for cholera ed cases in Asia increased nearly threefold from to and included an increased number of deaths Many countries in the Southeast Asia Region face challenges with known risk factors for cholera outbreaks including poverty, lack of development, and high.

Cholera infection is often mild or without symptoms, but can sometimes be severe. Approximately one in ten (10%) infected persons will have severe disease characterized by profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In these people, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock.

Without treatment, death can occur within hours. Introduction Cholera is a disease that infects the small intestine, an organ of the digestive by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, it is marked by severe diarrhea, vomiting, and gh cholera is usually not life-threatening, it has often risen to epidemic proportions in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, particularly in India and Bangladesh.

Cholera: The Biography, by Chris-topher Hamlin, joins Obesity, Asthma, Hysteria, Diabetes, Thalassaemia, and Down’s Syndrome as part of the Ox-ford University Press series Biogra-phies of Diseases.

As great a read as Tuberculosis (Biographies of Disease) (1), Hamlin’s book does an excellent job of treating a complex subject with. India Selective Vaccinations: Cholera [outbreak] Cholera cases have been reported in Karnataka.

Source: ProMED-mail. Last updated: Ma [/outbreak] Description. Cholera is an acute gastrointestinal infection caused by Vibrio cholerae bacteria.

It is primarily associated with contaminated water and food, including raw or undercooked. Government data reve are diagnosed with water-borne diseases daily in India. In2, people died because of four major water-borne diseases —. Cholera is a Category 2 (A) disease and shall be reported to the local health authority or to the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services within one (1) calendar day of first knowledge or Size: KB.

cholera: Definition Cholera is an acute infectious disease characterized by watery diarrhea that is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, first identified by Robert Koch in during a cholera outbreak in Egypt.

The name of the disease comes from a Greek word meaning "flow of bile." Cholera is spread by eating food or drinking water. Cholera. Reviewed: August Cholera is a bacterial disease that causes diarrhea (loose stool/poop) and is caused by the bacteria called Vibrio gh only a few cases are recognized in the United States each year, many cases are identified each year in portions of Africa, South and Central America, and Southeast Asia.

Cholera is generally a disease spread by poor sanitation, leading to contaminated water supplies. In the United States, cases of cholera are uncommon due to modern sew-age plants and chlorine treatment of drinking water (which kills the cholera bacteria).

Most cases occur when a person travels to a developing coun-try or eats contaminated Size: 98KB. The cholera bacterium is usually found in water or food that has been contaminated by feces (poop). Cholera is rare in the US. You may get it if you travel to parts of the world with poor water and sewage treatment.

Outbreaks can also happen after disasters. The disease is not likely to spread directly from person to person. Cholera Communicable Disease Management Protocol – Cholera August 1 1. Case Definition Confirmed Case: Clinical evidence of illness* with laboratory confirmation of infection through isolation of cholera toxin producing Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1, O or other toxigenic serogroup from vomitus or stool (1).

Probable Case. Abstract. Cholera is a global health problem as several thousands of cases and deaths occur each year. The unique epidemiologic attribute of the disease is its propensity to occur as outbreaks that may flare-up into epidemics, if not by: Outbreaks of cholera are typically limited to specific geographic areas (endemic) in India and parts of the Middle East, Asia, South America, and Africa.

The disease affects males and females in equal numbers. A brief outline of the history and progress of cholera at Hull: with some remarks on the pathology and treatment of the disease 1; A brief review of the operations of the Home Department in connection with the cholera epidemic of the 23rd year of Meiji () 1 A dissertation on the causes, preventives, and remedies of plague, yellow fever, cholera, dysentery, and other pestilential, epidemic.

CHOLERA STUDIES. 1 cholera has flourished in the Delta of the Ganges, we knownot for howlong, but its ravages had not been witnessed by those capable of describing the disease". This early record, written by Gaspar Correa under the title Lendas da India (i.e., Legends ofIndia) referred to File Size: 4MB.

cholera was native to India it generated none of the strong reactions that marked its appearance in the west and that, whatever its demo-graphic impact, it was of marginal political and social significance.

In fact, the first epidemics of the nineteenth century were seen in India, too, as the eruptions of a new and terrifying disease. But. Vibrio cholerae- A Review subcontinent, where epidemic of cholera like disease Pathogenicity for humans and Virulence were described as far back as the 16th century factors (Kindhauser, ).

John Snows observations on Infection due to Vibrio cholerae begins with the. Cholera The disease, cholera, is an infection of the intestines, caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. As stated in Microbes and Infections of the Gut, the bacterium is “a Gram-negative, comma- shaped, highly motile organism with a single terminal flagellum” ().

Cholera is characterized by. Cholera is a global health problem as several thousands of cases and deaths occur each year. The unique epidemiologic attribute of the disease is its propensity to occur as outbreaks that may. symptoms of cholera can begin as soon as a few hours or as long as five days after infection.

often, symptoms are mild, but sometimes they are very serious. A person can get infected by drinking water or eating food contaminated with the cholera bacterium. In an epidemic, the source of the contamination is usually the faeces of an infected person that contaminates water and/or food.

The disease can spread rapidly in areas. Time Trends of Cholera in India: An Overview. This chapter provides an overview of the history of cholera epidemics and reviews literature that brings out the disease dynamics over time with changing biological nature of the agent. This chapter is divided into File Size: 1MB.

For further information on cholera It is available from the Office of the Director, Mailstop C09, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Clifton Road, Atlanta, Georgia This brochure is in the public domain, and may be freely reproduced.

Cholera, an acute illness characterized by diarrhea, is usually caused by the Vibrio cholerae bacterium.

The illness has been very rare in industrialized nations for the last years, but it still occurs frequently in parts of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. In order to prevent it.

Cholera is an infectious disease – caused by the bacterium vibrio cholera (figure 1) – that affects the small intestine and causes a large amount of watery diarrhea. The bacteria conserves its energy and nutrients to pass through the acid in the stomach and then once inside the small intestine, propels itself into the mucus where it flourishes.

Cholera Cholera research papers discuss the infectious disease characterized by large volumes of diarrhea and subsequent dehydration. Cholera is an infectious disease characterized by large volumes of diarrhea and subsequent dehydration.

Inalmostcases were reported to the World Health Organization, resulting in numbers represent a 30% increase over the The rapidity and virulence with which the disease struck entire populations took everyone by surprise.

Subsequently, cholera became endemic in most of the Asian countries and continued to wreak havoc in many parts of Russia. This pandemic marked the first recorded spread of the disease outside India and affected hundreds of thousands of people.

The antidotal treatment of the epidemic cholera: with directions, general and individual, for the prevention of the disease / (London: J. Churchill & sons, ), by John Parkin and M.D.

Rare Book Collection of Rush University Medical Center at the University of Chicago. The book shows no great range of observation, and some readiness to arrive at conclusions too hastily.

He also published 'A Brief Sketch of the Progress of Opinion on the Subject of Contagion, with some Remarks on Quarantine,' London, ; and 'Is the Cholera Spasmodica of India a Contagious Disease?' London, Soldiers in India will tell you that there is an appearance of the disease within a given area at a given 41 earth[quot] cholera and an [quot]air[quot] cholera ; and these ideas date, that it however anticipated that date, and that the t'oughly express Dr.

Bryden's theory of the revitalisation of arrival of pilgrims was synchronous with its. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The state health department has issued an alert against cholera with a death reporting due to cholera in Pathanamthitta.

Epidemic cholera is an acute, painful, and often fatal disease which ravaged nearly the entire world during several severe outbreaks over the course of the 19th century.

It is a diarrheal disease which can cause death by dehydration to an untreated patient in a matter of hours and is extremely contagious in communities without adequate, modern.

Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.Cholera is caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae.

These bacteria release a toxin that causes an increased amount of water to be released from cells that line the intestines. This increase in water produces severe diarrhea. People develop the infection from eating or drinking food or water that contains the cholera germ.